A Study on the Prospects and Problems of Unorganised Labours in India
By Ravindra B.K. (Alliance University), Pradeep M. D. & T. Ramjani Sab (Srinivas Institute of Management Studies)
India comprises 43.7 crore people working with the skill in the residual sector as unorganized labours. Around 24.6 core engage in agriculture, 4.4 crore in construction and remaining people in the manufacturing and service sectors. This sector faces eventual deficiencies in regulations over employment, remuneration pattern, poor employer and employee relationship and casual work culture. Informal sector covers large number of workers from rural and substantial number from the urban areas by potentially engaging family labour and technology. The unorganized labours engage in casual, seasonal and scattered employments, which are not unionized. A large number of statutes addressing issues concerning unorganized sector are neither feasible nor practicable. Unorganised workers are also kept away from the Social Security Benefits such as Old Age Pensions, Gratuity, Employees State Insurance, Workmen’s Compensation etc. in India. Unorganized sector plays pivotal role in the development of Indian economy. For the effective implementation of labour legislations for the informal sectors, it is essential to study the existing employment relations, after analyzing the existing working conditions of unorganized labours in India should be given special attention. This paper examine about factors influencing employment in this unorganized sector, types of employments, regulatory protections, contribution to Indian economy and challenges faced by the unorganised workers. It tries to suggest measures to overcome the obstacles in the unorganised sector by ensuring physical, economic and intellectual wellbeing of the unorganized labours.